TU logo iconAbuse of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) and performance-enhancing drugs is a major public health concern for men worldwide yet is often interchangeably labeled by the media as "testosterone abuse," "steroid abuse," or "doping." The feature article by Ronald S. Swerdloff, MD, reviews the prevalence, history, and difficulty of assessing the impact of AAS abuse. In the interview, Wayne J.G. Hellstrom, MD, offers his clinical insights on recognizing AAS abuse, supporting patients in adopting lifestyle changes to ensure overall health, and educating patients about safe and appropriate treatment of hypogonadism with testosterone therapy.